(ICSI) a process by which a single sperm, collected from the male, is injected directly into the female’s egg outside the body (in a lab). A form of assisted reproductive therapy.
genetic change occurring as a random event during early development. Affected people typically have no history of the disorder in their family.
(IVF) a form of assisted conception whereby a woman's eggs are extracted and fertilised by sperm outside the body. Conceived embryo(s) are then transferred back to the woman's womb where the hope is that pregnancy will occur.
cells in the pancreas that detect changes in blood sugar levels. They produce hormones including insulin and glucagon.
into the muscle. Drugs are often administered intramuscularly by injection straight into the muscle.
the body's reaction to tissue damage causing localised swelling, redness and warmth.
when medication is given through a drip or by injection directly into the veins.
being exposed to radiation, such as during radiotherapy for cancer treatment.
An insulinoma is a type of tumour that occurs in the pancreas. The tumour secretes too much insulin, which causes blood sugar to drop to low levels.
inability to achieve an erection or orgasm in men.
the frequency of an event occurring in a population.
long coiled tubes in the digestive system where food is broken down. In the small intestine, digestive juices are released to aid the breakdown of food particles; in the large intestine, faeces are formed, which are then expelled from the body.
Insulin is an essential hormone produced by the pancreas. Its main role is to control glucose levels in our bodies.
brought on, brought forward, often by artificial means.